Imposter Syndrome Survival Guide: Thrive in Spite of Self-Doubt

Imposter Syndrome

Ever felt like your success was just luck or thanks to others’ help

Impostor syndrome is a topic that resonates with many people. It’s that nagging feeling of not being good enough, despite the evidence of your competence and accomplishments. Imposter Syndrome casts a shadow of doubt over your achievements and causes uncertainty about your abilities. (Clance & Imes, 1978). If you’ve ever found yourself grappling with feelings of inadequacy or fraudulence, rest assured that you are not on this journey alone. Here we’ll offer insight into the factors that give rise to this psychological phenomenon, the impact on various facets of your life, and strategies to reclaim your self-assurance and fully embrace your achievements. 

Recognizing Imposter Syndrome’s Common Signs (Saymeh, 2023)

  • Fraudulent and Anxious Feelings
  • Over Apologizing
  • Downplaying Triumphs
  • Unattainable Standards
  • Constant Comparison
  • Externalizing Success
  • Ignoring Positivity
  • Dreading Failure
  • Underestimating Past Wins
  • Inferiority Complex

Tracing the Roots: Unveiling Imposter Syndrome’s Underlying Causes

Impostor syndrome can arise from psychological and environmental factors. These causes contribute to negative self-perception and the tendency to doubt one’s abilities and accomplishments. Here are some common causes of impostor syndrome. 

Environmental Factors

  • Societal Pressure: Being constantly compared to others can lead to feelings of inadequacy. In today’s hyper-connected world, it’s easy to see others’ highlight reels on social media and feel like you’re not measuring up. (Arlin, 2023).
  • Early Childhood Experiences: Growing up in an environment where praise was conditional or inconsistent can shape an individual’s self-worth. If success was the only source of validation, they might struggle to accept their achievements. (Leonard, 2020).
  • Lack of Diversity and Representation: People from underrepresented groups, such as women, minorities, or individuals from marginalized backgrounds, might experience impostor feelings due to societal stereotypes and a lack of representation in specific fields. (Leonard, 2020).
  • Internalizing Criticism: Negative criticism is internalized more strongly than positive feedback. One critical comment might overshadow numerous compliments, reinforcing feelings of inadequacy. (Arlin, 2023).
  • Psychological Factors
  • Low Self-Esteem: Individuals with low self-esteem view themselves and their capabilities negatively. They might discount their achievements and focus on their shortcomings, contributing to impostor feelings. (Arlin, 2023).
  • Perfectionism: Those who strive for perfection often set unattainably high standards for themselves. When they don’t meet these standards, they interpret it as a sign of failure rather than a regular part of growth. (Arlin, 2023).
  • Fear of Failure: A fear of making mistakes or failing can intensify impostor feelings. Individuals might avoid new challenges to prevent the possibility of failure and exposure as an impostor. (Arlin, 2023).
  • Attribution Bias: Impostor syndrome involves attributing success to external factors rather than acknowledging one’s skills and efforts. This bias can undermine one’s self-belief and confidence. (Saymeh, 2023). 
  • Mental Health Disorders: Imposter Syndrome is a symptom of many disorders. It may appear as negative self-perception in depression, extensive anxiety about self, trauma, and stress-related disorder, perfectionism leading to compulsive behavior in obsessive-compulsive disorder, and desire to control or achieve a perfect appearance in an eating disorder. (Leonard, 2020).

Types of Imposter Syndrome

Impostor syndrome can manifest differently, often categorized into several common types. Asking yourself these questions can help you identify which impostor syndrome you might be experiencing (Saymeh, 2023).

The Perfectionist: fear of losing control.

  • Do I set extremely high standards for myself?
  • Do I struggle to accept anything less than perfection in my work?
  • Do I focus more on my mistakes than on my successes?

The Expert: fear of inadequacy

  • Do I need to know everything before taking on a task?
  • Am I uncomfortable with not having all the answers?
  • Do I worry that others will discover gaps in my knowledge?

The Natural Genius: the shame of failing.

  • Do I believe that my skills and accomplishments should come effortlessly?
  • Am I hard on myself when I need to put in the effort to succeed?
  • Do I avoid tasks that don’t come easily to me?

The Soloist: the shame of asking for help.

  • Do I prefer to work independently and hesitate to ask for help?
  • Do I feel like asking for assistance indicates weakness?
  • Do I believe I should be able to handle everything on my own?

The Superwoman/Superman: fear of doing something for oneself.

  • Do I put excessive pressure on myself to excel in all areas of my life?
  • Do I feel guilty if I’m not constantly productive or achieving at a high level?
  • Do I struggle to balance work, personal life, and self-care?

The Noticer: fear of not belonging.

  • Do I feel like I don’t quite fit in with my colleagues or peers?
  • Do I attribute my successes to external factors rather than my abilities?
  • Do I believe that others are more competent than I am?

The Discounter: fear of not being enough.

  • Do I worry that others will eventually discover I’m less competent than they think?
  • Am I afraid that my true abilities will be exposed as insufficient?
  • Do I fear that my accomplishments result from luck rather than skill?

Navigating Imposter Syndrome: Strategies for Overcoming

Overcoming impostor syndrome involves self-management strategies that you can practice on your own and psychological management techniques that can help shift your mindset and approach to these feelings. Here’s a combination of self-management and psychological management strategies for dealing with impostor syndrome.

  1. Mindfulness and Meditation: Create a habit of mindfulness and meditation to identify and manage self-deprecating thoughts. (Sutton, 2020).
  2. Imagery and Visualization: Imagine yourself succeeding and feeling confident in various situations. This can help rewire your brain for more positive associations. (Sutton, 2020).
  3. Mirror Talk. Practice self-compassion while standing in front of the mirror. Appreciate yourself for the battles you fought silently, including overcoming these negative thoughts. 
  4. Connect with Your Inner Child: Our mind may automatically create negative self-perceptions to avoid being hurt by someone else’s disregard. Your negative thoughts do not indicate your incompetence but signal past traumas. Understand why you feel this way and who made you feel this way. Overcome those thoughts by reminding yourself how far you have come.
  5. Add a Twist of Humor: Give your negative self-perception a funny cartoon character voice so that your mind restores it as amusing and irrelevant information.
  6. Cognitive Restructuring: Identify and challenge distorted thought patterns that perpetuate impostor feelings, including perfection. Replace them with more balanced and realistic thoughts. (Saymeh, 2023).
  7. You are Your Best. Recall when you overcame a difficult situation yourself, and identify your strategies. This will help you explore your strengths. (Sutton, 2020).
  8. Track your Achievement: Keep a record of your accomplishments, big and small. You can keep making yourself a memory box containing pictures, documents, and notes by others that you can review when you doubt your abilities. (Sutton, 2020).
  9. Self-Compassion: Treat yourself with the kindness and understanding you would offer a friend—practice self-compassion to counter self-criticism. Treat yourself after a bad experience, as everyone can make a mistake. (Sutton, 2020).
  10. Embrace Failure: Shift your perspective on failure. View it as an opportunity for growth and learning rather than evidence of incompetence. Remind yourself of the setbacks you are grateful for now and ask yourself how this failure can benefit me. (Saymeh, 2023).
  11. Impostor Syndrome Workshops: Attend workshops or seminars that focus on impostor syndrome. Learning more about it and sharing experiences with others can be empowering.
  12. Podcasts and Books: Several podcasts and self-help books address impostor syndrome, providing valuable insights, strategies, and stories to help you navigate and overcome these feelings. Here are some recommendations: 

Podcast Recommendations

  • The Confidence Chronicles” by Erika Cramer: This podcast focuses on boosting confidence, self-worth, and overcoming self-doubt, including episodes on impostor syndrome
  • “The School of Greatness” by Lewis Howes: This podcast features interviews with high-achieving individuals who often share their experiences with impostor syndrome and how they’ve overcome it. (Sutton, 2020).


  • The Imposter Cure: How to Stop Feeling Like a Fraud and Escape the Mind-trap of Imposter Syndrome” by Dr. Jessamy Hibberd: This book provides insights into the psychological roots of impostor syndrome and offers actionable steps to overcome it. 
  • You Are Badass: How to Stop Doubting Your Greatness and Start Living an Awesome Life” by Jen Sincero: This book offers a humorous and motivating approach to building self-confidence and silencing self-doubt. 
  • “Own Your Greatness: Overcome Impostor Syndrome, Beat Self-Doubt, and Succeed in Life” by Lisa Orbé-Austin and Richard Orbé-Austin: This book provides strategies for understanding and overcoming impostor syndrome. (Page, 2021).

Therapeutic Techniques

If the weight of impostor syndrome heavily affects your well-being, consider seeking therapy. No one is entirely flawed. If you only see your mistakes and not your attributes, or you blame yourself for everything and are self-sacrificing, we encourage you to seek professional support. (Leonard, 2020).

Break free from chains of Imposter Syndrome. Reclaim your narrative and worth with Serengetic Wellness. Whether you’re looking for the convenience of virtual sessions or prefer in-person therapy, click here to connect with a therapist to foster self-compassion, self-discovery, and intrinsic worth beyond validation.


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